Also known as
Archangel Redwood, Baltic Redwood, Bish Apples, European Turpentine, Norway Fir, Red Deal, Scotch Fir, Scots Fir, Scotch Pine, Yellow Deal
Pinus sylvestris, Larvik, Norway by Arnstein Rønning (CC BY 3.0)
50 years to reach maturity
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Scots Pine Overview
Pinus sylvestris is more commonly known by the names Scots Pine and Baltic Redwood, amongst others. It originates from Eurasia and grows naturally in poor, sandy soils. It is a large , evergreen conifer from the Pinaceae family. It forms slim, twisting, greyish to blue-green, needle-like leaves in pairs. The bark is orange-brown to grey in colour with a scaley texture and stems are green-brown, without hairs. Non-showy flowers may be yellow or red-purple, appearing in clusters in spring. Following wind pollination, the female flowers develop into green cones, ripening to grey-brown. The cones measure around 5cm long and take a season to mature, staying on the tree during that time. Plant in well-draining soil, in full sun. This species can cope with some drought and is very hardy.
Common problems with Scots Pine
How to propagate Scots Pine
Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.
Special features of Scots Pine
Other uses of Scots Pine
Specimen bark. Year-round interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.