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A picture of a European Peony

European Peony

Paeonia officinalis

Also known as

Peony, Common Peony, Cottage Peony, Garden Peony, Piney

Paeonia officinalis 01 by Meneerke bloem (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

1m

50cm

Min

50cm

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of European Peony

A pink flower on a Paeonia officinalis plant growing in the wild
A close up of a red Paeonia officinalis flower
A photo of European Peony

European Peony Overview

Paeonia officinalis is a deciduous perennial species in the Paeoniaceae family. It typically grows to around 70cm in height. It produces dark green leaves and pretty, single, cup-shaped red-purple blooms with yellow centres. These are produced from early summer and they measure approximately 12cm across.

Common problems with European Peony

How to propagate European Peony

Division

Divide autumn or early in spring.

Seed

Cuttings

Propagate by seed in autumn (may take up to 3 years to germinate), tuberous species by root cuttings in winter, tree peonies by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer.

Tubers

Grafting

Grafting in winter.

Other uses of European Peony

Border, wildflower/meadow, cutting bed, ground cover