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A picture of a Black Peppermint

Black Peppermint

Mentha × piperita f. vulgaris

Also known as

Black Mint, Peppermint , Brandy Mint , Lily-Rail , Lily-Riall

Mentha piperita - Pfefferminze by Simon (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Black Peppermint Overview

Mentha x piperita f. vulgaris is also known as black peppermint. It is a natural hybrid species formed by a cross between watermint, M. aquatica and spearmint, M. spicata. It is a rhizomatous, herbaceous perennial that typically grows to between 30-90cm tall. It has square stems, characteristic of the mint family, Lamiaceae and toothed, heavily aromatic leaves arranged oppositely on fuzzy-textured, dark-coloured stems. The leaves measure approximately 4-9cm in length and between 1.5-4cm in width, they are coloured dark green to brown-edged with red venation. Flowers are purple to white in colour, these measure around 0.6-0.8cm long and they are produced in a whorled arrangement. Flowers spiral around the stem on a thick, blunt-tipped flowering spike and these appear in the summer. Grows best in moist, partially shaded conditions and takes well to propagation by cuttings or by replanting the runners. Can easily overgrow other plants, so is well placed in a container to limit its spread.

How to propagate Black Peppermint



Special features of Black Peppermint

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Aromatic foliage.

Attracts useful insects

Pot plant