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A picture of a Peppermint

Peppermint

Mentha × piperita

Also known as

Brandy Mint, Lily-Rail, Lily-Riall

Field of Mentha x piperita 04 by Rillke (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Frequent watering
Tender

4a-10b

USDA zone

-34°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

1.5m

50cm

Min

1m

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Peppermint

A photo of Peppermint
A photo of Peppermint
A photo of Peppermint

Peppermint Overview

Mentha × piperita is a herbaceous, upright perennial that is well known for its strong minty aroma from the essential oils found in its pointed oval-shaped leaves. Commonly known as Peppermint, it thrives in damp and wet conditions but It can become invasive like most mint species if not controlled. Plant in a pot or area you can keep under control.

Common problems with Peppermint

Peppermint Companion Plants

How to harvest Peppermint

Fresh mint leaves can be harvested as needed as soon as the plant reaches 10cm in height. To dry, cut stalks just before blooming.

How to propagate Peppermint

Seed

Sow in Spring, depth 6mm; 15 cm apart directly in the ground. Most mints have fairly aggressive roots, so its best to grow them in containers buried in the soil.

Cuttings

Take 5 to 10 cm stem cuttings and place them in moist and well-draining soil in semi-sun. It should root in under two weeks. Transplant into a larger pot a few weeks after the cuttings have rooted.​

Division

Mentha plants are prone to hybridization, therefore,​ division is a good method if you want to preserve a particular aroma.

Special features of Peppermint

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Repels harmful insects

Repels cabbage fly, ants, cabbage looper and aphids.

Pot plant

Often used as an ornamental plant. Because it grows so aggressive, it is a good idea to contain it in a buried pot.