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A picture of a Holly


Ilex aquifolium

Also known as

Celynnen, Common Holly, English Holly, Holm, Hulst, Hulver

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size







25 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Holly

Ilex aquifolium flowers
A photo of Holly
Ilex-aquifolium (Europaeische Stechpalme-1)
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly

Holly Overview

Ilex aquifolium is a beautiful, slow-growing, medium-sized tree or shrub species in the Aquifoliaceae family. This plant is dioecious and thus produces male and female flowers on individual plants, which are similar in appearance. Female flowers have a visible green ovary in the centre of their blooms (which appears as a small bump), and male flowers have 4 yellow stamens. The leaves are dark green, stiff and glossy with sharp spiked edges. In the spring, delicate white flowers are followed by bright red, glossy berries on pollinated female plants, these are a very popular food source for birds!

Special features of Holly

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attractive flowers

Plants to Deter Cats

Use these plants to dissuade cats from disturbing certain areas in your garden.

A photo of Scaredy Cat Plant

Scaredy Cat Plant

Plectranthus caninus

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