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A picture of a Fennel


Foeniculum vulgare

Also known as

Common Fennel, Fenkell, Finckle, Finkel, Sabbath Day Posy, Aniseed-Weed, Sweet Fennel

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Fennel

A photo of Fennel
A photo of Fennel
A photo of Fennel

Fennel Overview

Foeniculum vulgare is known as Fennel, it can be grown as an ornamental or as a culinary herb. With its finely divided foliage and attractive yellow flowers, it encourages all kinds of wildlife to a garden from pollinators such as bees and butterflies to birds that eat the seed. Fennel has a strong aniseed flavour that is used in a variety of food products including soups and pesto and the seeds can be used in curries.

How to harvest Fennel

Bulbs can be harvested 20 days after earthing up. Cut the bulb at the base to encourage regrowth.

How to propagate Fennel


Sow in early spring in situ for best results. Seeds require a light covering of soil and to be spaced around 30 cm apart.


Divide in March as the new growth emerges.

Special features of Fennel

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Repels harmful insects

Repels aphids

Other uses of Fennel

It has a fragrance and it can be used for foliage or for ornamental used but it is also used as a vegetable. Suitable for coastal conditions. Attracts butterflies


The seeds are used as a spice whereas the shoots and bulbs are used as a vegetable.

Essential Oils

Some of the most popular plants to grow for essential oil extraction.

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Edibles to Sow Outdoors in March

If the soil is warm enough, get an early start on the growing year by direct sowing these into prepared beds.

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