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A picture of a Pampas Grass

Pampas Grass

Cortaderia richardii

Also known as

Toe Toe, Plumed Tussock

Photo by GardenBeautyuk (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








5 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Pampas Grass

A close up of the green leaves of Cortaderia richardii
Milford Sound with Mitre Peak; on the left a Cabbage tree (Cordyline australis), in front Toetoe (Austroderia sp).
South Island, New Zealand.

Pampas Grass Overview

Cortaderia richardii is an evergreen grass that forms a dense clump of upright marrow leathery leaves that arch gracefully. In summer plume-like silvery-white flowers [inflorescences] form and can last throughout autumn and winter. Originally from New Zealand, this plant is also known as Toe Toe or Plumed Tussock and has earned a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit. The previous year's stems and foliage need to be combed and but out in late winter or spring. Wearing gloves is advisable as the leaf margins are sharp.

How to harvest Pampas Grass

Plumes can be cut for floral arrangements.

How to propagate Pampas Grass


Sow seed in spring and keep between 13-18°C (55-64°F)


Clumps can be divided in spring.

Special features of Pampas Grass

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Winter colour

Autumn colour