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A picture of a Heather

Heather

Calluna vulgaris

Also known as

Ling

Calluna vulgaris 1 by bdk (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

60cm

Max

80cm

10cm

Min

40cm

2 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Heather

A photo of Heather
A photo of Heather
A photo of Heather
A photo of Heather
A photo of Heather

Heather Overview

Commonly known as heather, the perennial, evergreen shrub (Calluna vulgaris) has hundreds of cultivars. It naturally occurs in a range of moorland, bog, and heathland habitats around the world. In New Zealand, it is considered as an unwanted organism and a ban is in place for its sale and propagation. Similarly, in Australia, Calluna is on the alert list for eradication. The plant grows to between 40-70 cm tall, producing many bell-shaped flowers in late summer. Leaves and small and scale-like measuring 2-3 mm in length. It tends to dominate heath and moorland habitats, can handle grazing and regenerates effectively following fires. Also known as Heather or Ling, it prefers growing in well-drained acidic soil in full sun, but it will tolerate neutral soil and partial shade. It flowers on the previous years growth, so prune immediately after flowering to maintain a neat habit and still enjoy flowers the next year.

Common problems with Heather

How to propagate Heather

Cuttings

Root semi-ripe cuttings in midsummer.

Layering

Layer in spring.

Division

Seed

Special features of Heather

Attracts bees

Attracts useful insects

Honeybees, bumblebees, solitary bees, hoverflies, thrips, other

Other uses of Heather

Border, edging, rock garden, ground cover, naturaliser, banks. Summer interest. Suitable for coastal conditions. This plant suits being included in planting schemes for exposed or sheltered locations with any (north, south, east or west-facing) aspects.

Summer flowering garden shrubs

These summer flowering shrubs are perfect additions to a garden to provide pollinators with habitat, shelter and food.

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Acid Soil Plants - Top 20

Preferring naturally acid soil these twenty plants will create a tapestry of colour and leaf texture.

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