Choose a country to see content specific to your location

A picture of a Cauliflower


Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (Botrytis Group)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








8 months to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Cauliflower

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis 02
A photo of Cauliflower
A photo of Cauliflower

Cauliflower Overview

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis is a plant variety commonly called Cauliflower, from which the widely consumed vegetable cauliflower is produced. Cauliflower is a cool-season annual vegetable. Grown for its premature flower buds, which are also known as a curd. This is coloured off-white, but can be purple, green or orange, with some cultivars producing these curds in complex fractal patterns. Cauliflower is grown and eaten as a cooked vegetable that contains high levels of vitamins C and K.

Common problems with Cauliflower

How to harvest Cauliflower

Once the heads have grown to the appropriate size they should be cut at the base and removed. They should be harvested while the heads are still firm, once they loosen they have gone too far.

How to propagate Cauliflower


Sow the seed thinly, at approximately 2cm deep into a prepared seedbed. Seeds will need to be thinned to a final spacing of 30.

Special features of Cauliflower

Winter colour

Drought resistant

Can result in smaller heads.

Other uses of Cauliflower


Often eaten as a cooked vegetable or finely sliced raw into salads. It is high in both Vitamin C and K.

Vegetable Plants – Top 20

Explore all