Poinsettia

Euphorbia pulcherrima

Christmas Flower, Lobster Flower, Flame-Leaf Flower, Flor De La Noche Buena, Bird-Of-Paradise Flower, Christmas Star, Fire On The Mountain, Fire Plant, Mexican Easter Flower, Mexican Flameleaf, Painted Leaf, Pride Of Barbados, Lobsterplant

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Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree species from the Euphorbiaceae family. Mostly grown as a potted indoor plant, it is especially popular at Christmas time, due to its attractive leaves. Most of the foliage is made up of dark green leaves measuring between 7-16cm long. Brightly coloured modified leaf structures, termed bracts, are often mistaken for flower petals because of their red colour and arrangement at certain times of the year. Tiny yellow flowers are actually held in the middle of these. Poinsettia can be grown outdoors in frost-free regions and it may reach up to 4m in height. Ingestion may cause discomfort and contact with milky sap may irritate skin and eyes.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Winter

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Cuttings

Take basal stem cuttings from late spring-early summer, dip ends in warm water to stop bleeding, root in well-draining seedling mix.

Special features

Indoor plant

Excellent indoor plants but need uninterrupted long darkness followed by good light in autumn to produce coloured bracts.

Pot plant

Provide good drainage and airflow, but keep soil moist.

Attractive leaves

Winter colour

Colourful bracts appear in late autumn and winter.

Special features

Origin

Central America, Mexico

Natural climate

Tropical

Environment

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

Poinsettia is grown for the potted plant industry and is widely used as a Christmas decoration.

Personality

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Flower colour

Yellow

Scent

None

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