Horse Teeth

Haworthia truncata

Truncate Haworthia

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Haworthia truncata is a miniature leaf succulent with flattened ends and shallow roots. The top surface gives the impression of having been cut or truncated, hence the name truncata. The leaves are covered in white or grey lines with varicosities. In nature the plants are often half-buried, with only the tips of the leaves visible above the soil. The truncated tip is translucent, allowing light to enter for photosynthesis. In this respect, the species resembles Lithops, Fenestraria, and Haworthia cymbiformis. This species produces small, white, tubular flowers on slim, upright stems.

Related Plants

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring

Fruiting time

Spring

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds during the cool, early summer months in a light, sandy, loam mixture in seed trays, 4 mm below the soil surface, cover with thin layer of coarse sand, mist on alternate days, place in sun.

Division

Plants will also grow from the roots if divided.

Cuttings

In autumn tear a turgid, healthy leaf from the mother plant, with a heel (stem from the mother plant). Take care not to damage the main body of the plant when removing a leaf. Place on a coarse sand mixture, rooting takes a few months. Can be easily propagated from leaves, simply remove cleanly from the mother plant, let callus for a few days until the wound has closed and place on soil or in water and wait for roots to develop. Roots usually grow first to seek out water, followed by new leaves. This may take anywhere from a week to a few months and there is no need to water propagating succulents as they will glean all the nutrition and moisture they require from their mother leaf, which will shrivel up over time. The original leaf may be gently removed once it has dried up and become crispy in texture, only remove if it comes away easily otherwise you risk damaging the baby plant.

Special features

Drought resistant

The root system is fleshy and shallow-rooted so the plant can absorb every drop of moisture when it rains, thus this species can go long periods without water.

Special features

Origin

Africa, South Africa, Little Karoo, Oudsthoorn, De Rust and Calitzdorp areas

Natural climate

Semi-Arid succulent Karoo and thicket in the Western Cape

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Personality

Family

Asphodelaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

None

Problems

Generally trouble free. As with all succulents, over-watering is the commonest route to plant death, so err on the side of too dry rather than too wet.

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