Also known as
Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi, Strawberry-Peach
Keep on the vine until the fruit begins to yield as kiwis will continue to ripen once picked. Placed in the fridge, the fruit will keep for up to three months in a pierced plastic bag. The harvest season begins in Winter.
Kiwi Fruit Overview
Green fruit in a brown skin produced in winter on strong growing vines with long shelf-life. The kiwi fruit was originally called the Chinese gooseberry, originating from the East. The fruit was renamed after New Zealand's national bird. New Zealand is the biggest producer after China. They do need a winter chill in order to produce fruit. 'Popular cultivars include 'Hayword' and 'Bruno'. Take note that you'll need a male and female plant to produce fruit!
Common problems with Kiwi Fruit
Caused by drought or drying winds, leaf scorch may show as brown edges to the leaves. Kiwifruit can easily succumb to honey fungus or Phytophthora root rot.
How to propagate Kiwi Fruit
Softwood cuttings are the better choice because they tend to root more uniformly, and should be taken from mid to late summer. Using a sharp knife, cut at the bottom just below the leaf joint or node.
Tissue culture uses the growth tip to divide and cut up into very small units and make new disease-free plants to growers.
Special features of Kiwi Fruit
The familiar edible fuzzy kiwi, with brown skin and green flesh, has a tart flavour.
Male flowers appear on male plants with loads of pollen, while the female flowers will grow into fruit only if pollinated by male flowers.
Other uses of Kiwi Fruit
Fruit is eaten raw and peeled, delicious alone or in a fruit salad.
Research indicates that kiwi fruit could be of potential benefit in preventing and halting processes that lead to cardiovascular diseases.