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Snowdrop

Galanthus nivalis

Also known as

Common Snowdrop, Candlemas Bells, Candlemas Lily, Common Bells, Fair Maids Of February, Little Sister Of The Snows, Purification Flower, Milky Snowdrop

Partial Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

5a-9b

USDA zone

-29°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

80cm

10cm

Min

1cm

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

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A photo of Snowdrop
A photo of Snowdrop
A photo of Snowdrop
A photo of Snowdrop
A photo of Snowdrop

Snowdrop Overview

Galanthus nivalis is a perennial species that grows to around 15cm tall, producing narrowly strap-shaped grey-green leaves and solitary, white, nodding, scented white flowers which measure around 2.5cm long. These are attractively marked with green on the inner petals at the tips. The common snowdrop is an attractive first spring flower, even flowering through the snow. It can form large carpets of pretty white and green flowers, spreading a lovely scent. These are often an initial food source for bees after the winter. The generic name 'Galanthus' comes from the Greek 'gála' meaning 'milk', and 'ánthos' meaning 'flower'. The name 'nivalis' means 'of the snow', referring to the early flowering time.

Common problems with Snowdrop

May be attacked by narcissus bulb fly and slugs. May be affected by grey mould.

Snowdrop Companion Plants

Plant with other spring bulbs and annuals.

How to harvest Snowdrop

Generally not harvested but can be taken for floral arrangements

How to propagate Snowdrop

Division

Carefully divide the clumps of bulbs when in full growth (in the green), or when the plant is dormant - immediately after the foliage has withered. Plant where wanted 2-3cm deep immediately after.

Special features of Snowdrop

Winter colour

Lovely white flowers.

Attractive flowers

Flowers are white, with a green spot on inner tepal.

Other uses of Snowdrop

This low maintenance perennial can be planted in beds and borders under deciduous trees or shrubs or in pots and containers for late winter displays. It can be naturalised through grass in wildflower areas.

Ornamental

Grown in gardens and pots for their early flowers.

Shade | Area Specific

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