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A picture of a Willowleaf Mandarin

Willowleaf Mandarin

Citrus deliciosa

Also known as

Satsuma, Satsuma Mandarin, Satsuma Orange

Mandariner Citrus deliciosa by Paucabot (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








4 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Willowleaf Mandarin

A photo of Willowleaf Mandarin
A photo of Willowleaf Mandarin

Willowleaf Mandarin Overview

This easy-peeling mandarin, or naartjie fruit, is a winter favourite in South Africa. A mild, sweet-flavoured citrus fruit with a thin, smooth rind and seedless flesh. The colourful orange fruit against the dark green, glossy foliage makes for a striking display in any garden. The satsuma mandarin tree is the most cold-tolerant citrus of commercial importance, only the kumquat is more cold hardy.

Common problems with Willowleaf Mandarin

Willowleaf Mandarin Companion Plants

How to propagate Willowleaf Mandarin


Starting from seed, germinating Satsuma seeds will produce two seed leaves as they sprout. The seeds require loamy, well-drained soil for the best chance at germination. It will take about 8 years to get fruit on a tree grown from seed.


Citrus trees are made by grafting or budding the desired cultivar onto a suitable rootstock.

Special features of Willowleaf Mandarin

Pot plant

Manderin trees can be planted in pots but make sure they are well positioned in a sunny spot.

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Bees pollinate the flowers

Attracts bees

Attractive fruits

Other uses of Willowleaf Mandarin


The fruits are one of the sweetest citrus varieties. In Chinese cuisine the dried peel is also used.