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A picture of a Pomegranate

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Also known as

Carthaginian Apple, Granada

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Half-hardy

10a

USDA zone

-1°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

10m

Max

4m

3m

Min

5m

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Pomegranates are ready to pick when their outside rind has turned deep red. Once they start to crack open, they have gotten over-ripe. Fruit is ready about 6 months after flowering.

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A photo of Pomegranate
A photo of Pomegranate
A photo of Pomegranate
A photo of Pomegranate
A photo of Pomegranate

Pomegranate Overview

The pomegranate is a shrub or small tree growing between 1 to 10 m tall, with multiple spiny branches, and is extremely long-lived, with some specimens in France surviving for 200 years. The leaves are opposite or almost opposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3–7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The small flowers are bright red with three to seven petals. Some fruitless varieties are grown for the flowers alone. The edible fruit is a berry, intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5–12 cm in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish skin. The number of seeds in a pomegranate can vary from 200 to about 1400. Each seed is surrounded by a water-laden edible pulp, ranging in color from white to deep red or purple. The seeds are embedded in a white, spongy, astringent membrane.

Common problems with Pomegranate

Insect pests of the pomegranate can include Flase coding moth, the pomegranate butterfly Virachola isocrates and the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus. Fruit flies and ants are attracted to unharvested ripe fruit.

    How to propagate Pomegranate

    Seed

    Division

    Tubers

    Cuttings

    You can propagate from seeds in the spring or from cuttings in summer.

    Special features of Pomegranate

    Drought resistant

    Pot plant

    Can be made into a bonsai.

    Hedge plant

    Other uses of Pomegranate

    Fruit, ornamental, container, hedging, specimen, orchards. Summer interest.

    Medicinal

    Edible

    Seeds inside fruit are edible.

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