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A picture of a Seville Orange

Seville Orange

Citrus × aurantium

Also known as

Bitter Orange, Sour Orange, Bigarade, Marmalade Orange, Myrtle-Leaved Orange Tree, Chinotto Orange

OrangeBloss wb by Elf (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








10 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Depending on the climate, fruits may take 6-8 months to ripen. The best indicator of ripeness is taste. Harvest the fruit by cutting them off with pruning shears or by pulling the fruit stalk from the tree. Undamaged fruit can be stored for several weeks

More images of Seville Orange

Some Citrus × aurantium
A close up of a white Citrus × aurantium flower
A fruit hanging from a branch of a Citrus × aurantium tree

Seville Orange Overview

Citrus × aurantium is a fruiting tree species in the Rutaceae family. This hybrid orange tree was formed from a cross between Citrus maxima, commonly Pomelo and Citrus reticulata, commonly Mandarin. Citrus × aurantium was previously well known as Citrus × Sinensis, it is commonly known as Bitter Orange or Seville Orange, amongst other names. The leaves are dotted with glands and are light to dark green. The white flowers are fragrant and the relatively large, rounded fruit have rough peels. The Seville Orange is an evergreen, thorny tree from the Rutaceae family. It grows to an average height of 9-10m, although some older specimens can reach 15 m. Orange Trees produce oval leaves, which are alternately arranged, and are 4-10cm long and have crenulate margins. Citrus myrtifolia (Citrus × myrtifolia, also known as myrtle-leaved orange tree or Chinotto) is often thought to be a separate species, but is classified as a synonym of Citrus × aurantium.

Common problems with Seville Orange

Citrus × aurantium is also prone to Tristeza Virus.

How to propagate Seville Orange



Seed grown trees often have a short lifespan, as they are susceptible to foot and root rot. If seed grown trees survive, they do not produce fruit until maturity, which can take up to 15 years.


Semi-ripe cuttings.

Special features of Seville Orange

Pot plant

Indoor plant

Can be grown indoors or in a greenhouse if you don't live in a warm climate

Attractive fruits

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Seville Orange

Ornamental, culinary fruit, food


Essential Oil


Herbal Medicine