An indication of an apple being ready to pick is that is has coloured. The fruit should have swelled up to a good size and crunch with touch. To pick an apple, cup it in your hand, lift gently and if it easily comes off, it is ripe.
Malus domestica is a hardy, deciduous woody perennial tree that grows in cold temperate zones. Also known by the common names Bramley apple or apple, this plant grows best where there is cold in winter, moderate summer temperatures, and medium to high humidity. It is moderately fast-growing, but growth slows with age. Apple trees can live for 100 years or more. Apple trees bloom in the spring, set fruit, and take from 100 to 200 days to reach harvest depending upon the variety. An apple a day is said to keep the doctor away!
Seed need cold stratification and will give rise to new characteristics, different than the parent, therefor seldom used. It will take about 7 years from pips to start harvest to evaluate new plant.
Grafts from a well-known cultivar are taken during the dormant stage and grafted onto a rootstock, often seedlings produce strong roots and can be used as rootstock too!
Attracts useful insects
Blossoms need cross pollinating to set as fruit therefor the nectar attrack insects like bees.
Apple trees can be tree-trained or espaliered into beautiful shapes to make a pretty hedge screen.
Do not plant an apple tree where an old one was removed - rather plant vegetables or trees from other fruit families.
Apples are delicious nutritious fruit!
Minerals and vitamins inside the fruit prevent diseases and grated apple is considered a wonderful treat for recovering during and or after illness.