How to propagate Rose
Some species that produce soft, rambling branches can be multiplied by layering.
Take hardwood cuttings from firm young stems with some leaves in Autumn. Make 1-2.5 cm vertical slits through the bark near the base. Place in pots of moist sand or potting soil to root.
Sow seeds after cold stratification, either in Spring or in Winter to be outside during the cold.
By budding in summer.
Hybrids are often propagated by grafting.
Special features of Rose
Bees pollinate the flowers.
The rambling rose species make excellent, dense hedges.
The smaller rose species can happily be grown in containers. Provide good light and well draining potting mix, feed regularly.
Roses are mostly grown in gardens throughout the world for their attractive flowers.
Other uses of Rose
Grown for their profusion of late, bee attracting, summer flowers, often fragrant, and sometimes for their fruits (rose hips). Hedging. Suitable for coastal conditions.
The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine.
Roses are a popular crop for both domestic and commercial cut flowers. Generally they are harvested and cut when in bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.
The majority of ornamental roses are hybrids that were bred for their flowers. A few, mostly species roses are grown for attractive or scented foliage (such as Rosa glauca and Rosa rubiginosa), ornamental thorns (such as Rosa sericea) or for their showy fruit (such as Rosa moyesii).
Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup.
Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Middle Eastern, Persian, and South Asian cuisine, especially in sweets such as barfi, baklava, halva, gulab jamun, gumdrops, kanafeh, nougat, and Turkish delight.
Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas.
Rose perfumes are made from rose oil (also called attar of roses), which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses.