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A picture of a Grape

Grape

Vitis vinifera

Also known as

European Grape, Common Grapevine, Grapevine

2008-09-27Vitis vinifera01 by Wildfeuer (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

6m

Max

6m

1m

Min

2m

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Grapes will not continue ripening once picked from the vine. Test a few to see if they are too your liking before harvesting, usually in late summer-early fall. Grapes can be stored for up to six weeks in the cellar or fridge.

More images

Starr 080531-5011 Vitis vinifera
A photo of Grape
A photo of Grape
Vitis-vinifera-flowers1
Vitis vinifera

Overview

This species is a woody perennial vine commonly known as Grape, the fruits grow in clusters of 15 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange, and pink. Flowers and subsequent fruit develop on new shoots called canes. Annual pruning is very important to keep this type of growth healthy and rejuvenating each year. Grapevines usually only produce fruit on shoots that came from buds that were developed during the previous growing season. Flower buds are formed late in the growing season and overwinter for blooming in spring of the next year. The fruit is a berry, ovoid in shape and juicy. Other parts of the vine include the tendrils which are leaf-opposed, and are used to support the climbing plant by twining onto surrounding structures such as branches or the trellising of a vine-training system.

Common problems

Propagation

Cuttings

Special rootstock have been selected over time for different soil types. Graft the desired cultivar on a rootstock and plant.

Special Features

Attracts birds

A mesh net is useful in keeping birds away from budding fruit or flickering strips of silver ropes.

Uses

Edible

The fruit is deliciously edible fresh, or preserved.

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