A picture of a Sugar Palm

Sugar Palm

Arenga pinnata

Also known as

Malay Sago Palm, Areng Palm, Black-Fiber Palm, Gomuti Palm

Arenga pinnata, the Sugar Palm (14229842519) by Dick Culbert (CC BY 2.0)

Partial Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Sugar Palm

Arenga pinnata, the Sugar Palm (14229842519)
Arenga pinnata Frucht unreif

Sugar Palm Overview

Arenga pinnata is commonly known as Sugar Palm, it is an evergreen, medium-sized palm species. Typically growing up to 20m tall, the trunk remains covered by the rough, old leaf bases. Young leaf sheaths are usually covered in moss-like white hairs.

Common problems with Sugar Palm

Problem free

    Sugar Palm Companion Plants

    Under-plant with tropical plants.

    How to harvest Sugar Palm

    Harvest sap as needed.

    How to propagate Sugar Palm


    Keep seed moist. The germination time about 1-3 months.

    Other uses of Sugar Palm

    Food. Apiculture. Fuel. Fibre. TImber. Alcohol. Poison. Medicinal. Soil Erosion.


    Roots, leaves, flowers and fruit are edible. Sap is harvested and used as sugar. A sago-like flour can be ground from the trunk pith and used for cakes, noodles and other dishes. The apical bud, known as a 'palm heart' is sometimes used for food. It can be eaten raw in salads or cooked as a vegetable. Removing this bud will result in the death of the plant, since it is unable to produce side shoots


    Roots provide medicinal products, such as a tea decoction used to cure bladder trouble.

    Soil stabilazation

    The plant has an extensive root system, up to 3 m deep and 10 m wide. It has been planted, especially on slopes, for soil stabilization.