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A picture of a Brazilian Pepper Tree

Brazilian Pepper Tree

Schinus terebinthifolia

Also known as

Brazilian Peppertree, Christmas Berry, Florida Holly, Warui

Terebint Schinus terebinthifolius by Paucabot (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

10a

USDA zone

-1°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

6m

Max

6m

2m

Min

2m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Brazilian Pepper Tree

A close up of a green Schinus terebinthifolia plant with red fruits
A close up of some Schinus terebinthifolia with green leaves and red fruits
A close up of some white Schinus terebinthifolia flowers

Brazilian Pepper Tree Overview

The Brazilian Peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia is widely grown as an ornamental plant in frost-free regions of South America for its foliage and fruit. It is considered as a melliferous flower and is the main source of food for the bee Tetragonisca angustula, which is an important honey producer. Brazilian pepper is hard to remove because it produces basal shoots if the trunk is cut. Trees also produce abundant seeds that are dispersed by birds and ants. This same hardiness makes the tree highly useful for reforestation in its native environment but enables it to become invasive outside of its natural range. It is regarded is highly invasive in South Africa and other parts of the world.

How to harvest Brazilian Pepper Tree

Generally not harvested

How to propagate Brazilian Pepper Tree

Seed

Ease of germination makes this species highly opportunistic and invasive.

Special features of Brazilian Pepper Tree

Attracts birds

Birds feed on the berries.

Attracts bees

Other uses of Brazilian Pepper Tree

Medicinal

It is used in South and Central America as a wound healer, mild laxative, and diuretic. The sap, however, can cause skin irritation for sensitive skin.

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