Arum Lily

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Calla Lily, African Lily, Altar Lily, Egyptian Lily, Lily Of The Nile, Richardia, Trumpet Lily, White Arum Lily, Common Calla, Lily-Of-The-Nile, Pig-Lily, White or Common Arum Lily

profile iconFunchal - Zantedeschia aethiopica IMG 1904
by Hedwig Storch (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 13
A white Zantedeschia aethiopica flower with green leaves
profile iconFunchal - Zantedeschia aethiopica IMG 1904
by Hedwig Storch (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 13
Zantedeschia aethiopica is a common garden plant that is believed to be a symbol of purity. Commonly known by the name Arum Lily, the striking flower is creamy-white in colour, cup-shaped with tiny yellow flowers on the spadix that rises like a column out of the cup. Prefers wet, marsh-like soil conditions. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat headaches when boiled. If eaten raw, it can cause swelling of the throat.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Spring, Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

The fruit is ripe when yellow/orange and soft (for propagation).

Propagation

Seed

Remove seeds with gloves when fruits have ripened. Dry seeds before sowing. Sowing time- Spring; Spacing- 500mm; Sowing depth- 5cm deep

Division

Divide fleshy parts of rootstock during dormancy. (late Winter of early Spring) Plant during spring to a depth of 5 cm. Allow ample space between plantings.

Special features

Attracts birds

Birds are attracted by the ripened berries. Birds are responsible for dispersing the seeds.

Attracts useful insects

Bees

Attractive leaves

Attractive flowers

Wet sites

Special features

Origin

South Africa and Lesotho.

Natural climate

Riverine

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Clay, Loam

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Some traditional uses.

Notes

Decorative garden plant and cut flower.

Personality

Family

Araceae

Flower colour

White, Cream, Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Generally considered to be disease-free. Aphids will target the flowers.

Related Problems

Companion plants

Ferns

Credits

profile iconZantedeschia aethiopica
by Alice Aubrey, Witwatersrand National Botanical Garden, With additions by Yvonne Reynolds, November 2001 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)

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