Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia reginae

Crane Flower, Canna-Leaved Strelitzia

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Strelitzia reginae is a striking evergreen perennial species from the Strelitziaceae family. Originating from South Africa, this plant is now grown around the world, thought to be one of the most popular horticultural perennials in the world. It is also known by the names Bird of Paradise and Crane Flower, after the spectacular blooms. It flowers for long periods, producing vivid orange and bright purple-blue inflorescences which resemble flying birds. It is an ideal pot plant and makes lovely, long-lasting cut flowers. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit.

Planning

Difficulty

Advanced

Flowering time

Spring, Winter

Fruiting time

Summer

Propagation

Division

Divide strong plants in cool weather.

Seed

Sow in spring/summer.

Special features

Attracts birds

Sunbirds may be the pollinators, but this is unproven and other birds eat and disperse the seeds.

Pot plant

Can be grown in large pots.

Attracts bees

Drought resistant

Once established, the plants are drought tolerant.

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

South Africa

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

Used in landscaping as an architectural plant and focal point.

Floristry

The flowers are grown commercially and used in the cut flower industry.

Personality

Family

Strelitziaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Orange, Blue

Scent

None

Related Problems

Companion plants

Plant with shrubs and trees or as a stand-alone specimen.

Credits

profile iconStrelitzia reginae
by Liesl van der Walt, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens, July 2000. Updated by Phakamani Xaba, August 2011 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)

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