Choose a country to see content specific to your location

Skip to main content
A picture of a Purple Coneflower

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Also known as

Black Samson, Hedgehog Cone Flower, Purple Daisy, Coneflower, Broad-Leaved Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea 003 by H. Zell (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

7a-8b

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.5m

Max

50cm

1m

Min

10cm

2 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Purple Coneflower

A close up of the pink flower of a Echinacea purpurea.
A photo of Purple Coneflower
A photo of Purple Coneflower

Purple Coneflower Overview

Echinacea purpurea is widely renowned as a medicinal plant. The genus Echinacea is named after the Greek word for hedgehog, echinos, because of the prickly centre of the flower. The pretty, daisy-like purple-pink flowers are attractive to butterflies and other pollinating wildlife, they are produced singly and individual flowers measure approximately 12cm in diameter. Flowers consist of purple-pink ray florets and brown central disc florets. Commonly known as Coneflower, this species is a long-flowering perennial that is well-placed in borders. To encouraged delayed blooming for autumn, cut plants back by half in early summer.

Common problems with Purple Coneflower

Pests include leaf miners and weevils (on leaves). Powdery mildew, Bacterial leaf spots, Aster Yellows is transmitted to the plant as leaf hoppers feed on the plant (affecting the flower,stunting its growth) can be avoided by planting flowers in a well ventilated area with good air flow. Severely infected plants should be discarded.

How to harvest Purple Coneflower

Harvest flowers and leaves throughout the summer months and plant roots during autumn. Cut flowers in the plants 2nd year, strip leaves & flower heads & spread to dry. Store the dried coneflowers & leaves in a sealed container in a cool, dark & dry place until use.

How to propagate Purple Coneflower

Seed

Sow in Spring and Summer with a spacing between 30 - 40 cm. Sow about 6 - 8 mm deep and it will germinate in 14 - 21 days.

Cuttings

Make root cuttings in late autumn or early winter.

Division

Divide the root ball during domancy or as it start to send up shoots, but they resent a lot of disturbance.

Special features of Purple Coneflower

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects like bees and butterflies.

Crop rotation

Light feeder

Attractive flowers

Flowers may be light to dark pink, white, red and purple.

Other uses of Purple Coneflower

This late summer flower suits informal borders in cottage/wildlife friendly or prairie gardens.

Medicinal

Alleviates skin rashes and boost the immune system - effective against colds and flu. Promoters of Echinacea say that the herb encourages the immune system and reduces many of the symptoms of colds, flu and some other illnesses, infections, and conditions.

Pink Flowering Summer Plants

Love pink flowers and looking for summer inspiration.

Explore all

Deer Resistant Plants

Although never fully deer proof - they are less likely to eat these.

Explore all