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A picture of a Pot Marigold

Pot Marigold

Calendula officinalis

Also known as

Common Marigold, Jack-On-Horseback, Golds, Goldes, Goldings, Marybuds, Mary's Gold, Rod's Gold, Ruddes, Ruddles, Scotch Marigold, Souvenir, Yellow Goldes, Calendula, Garden-Marigold, English Marigold

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

8a

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

45cm

Max

30cm

20cm

Min

20cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

A photo of Pot Marigold
A photo of Pot Marigold
A photo of Pot Marigold
A photo of Pot Marigold
A photo of Pot Marigold

Overview

Calendulas are easy to grow herbaceous perennials that are treated as annuals. They will grow in a variety of soil types and need a lot of water. Both the leaves and flowers are edible and make a pleasant tea in small doses. The leaves can be added to salads, and taste either bitter or sweet. Calendulas also make great companion plants as they attract pollinators. A beautiful yellow natural dye is made from the flower petals. It is used culinary, medicinal and cosmetic.

Common problems

Not easily affected by pests or diseases.

    Companion plants

    Tomatoes

    Harvesting

    The flowers should be harvested when in bloom (Winter). Harvest flowers regularly to extend the flowering season.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Sow seed in situ from end of Summer to Autumn, about 6 mm deep. Germination takes 7-14 days.

    Special Features

    Crop rotation

    Calendulas are light feeders and do not need a lot of nutrients.

    Uses

    Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic

    Medicinal

    Healing plant from Middle Ages times with anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties.

    Edible

    The leaves are sprinkled in salads, soups, caserols and pastas. Flowers have a peppery flavor, though some flowers can be more tangy or spicy, fresh. Also delicious in biscuits, cakes and muffins.