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A picture of a Ginger


Zingiber officinale

Also known as

Common Ginger, Canton Ginger, East Indian Ginger, Ginger Root, Jamaica Ginger, Red Ginger, Stem Ginger, Garden Ginger

Zingiber officinale20090705 46 by Bff (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Partial Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Ginger

Some green leaves of a Zingiber officinale plant
A Zingiber officinale plant
A photo of Ginger
A photo of Ginger
A group of green Zingiber officinale plants

Ginger Overview

Zingiber officinale is a perennial plant from the Zingiberaceae family, with long strap-like leaves and a pungent edible rhizome. It is commonly known by the names Ginger, Ginger Root or Common Ginger, amongst others. Growing to around 1m in height, it produces lance-shaped foliage coloured deep glossy green. The leaves measure up to 20cm in length, flowers are coloured purple, with yellow patterning. The blooms are surrounded by yellow-green modified leaves, known as bracts. The dried roots of this plant are the source for the ginger spice; they are used to make ginger ale and preserves, and also used as a flavouring enhancement in some of the world's most interesting cuisines. Growing your own is easy and rewarding. Once planted, Ginger only needs water and patience to mature into a delicious, spicy ingredient.

Common problems with Ginger

Treating seed with Bordeaux mixture prior to planting and solarizing the soil can help to reduce the incidence of the disease, Bacterial soft rot. Chinese rose beetles are attracted to dim light and repelled by bright light, shining a ​bright light on plants may help deter them from feeding.

    Ginger Companion Plants

    Basil, parsley, coriander, rocket, lettuce

    A photo of Sweet Basil

    Sweet Basil

    Ocimum basilicum

    A photo of Flat-Leaved Parsley

    Flat-Leaved Parsley

    Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum

    A photo of Rocket


    Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa

    How to harvest Ginger

    Rhizomes will be ready to harvest in autumn, approximately 8 months after planting. Harvest the rhizomes of the season's young shoots as the older rhizomes tend to be more fibrous. Allow the rhizomes to cure in the sun before storing them in a cool dry place.

    How to propagate Ginger


    Each piece of ginger requires 20 cm of space. Use larger pieces if you need to save space.


    Cut or break up the ginger rhizomes in little pieces with a couple of growing buds each. Plant rhizomes as soon as the nodules start to swell and sprout.


    Propagation is from fresh seeds.

    Special features of Ginger

    Crop rotation

    Medium Feeder

    Indoor plant

    Ginger makes an ideal houseplant.

    Attractive flowers

    Other uses of Ginger

    Culinary, medicinal


    Ginger is used to treat various disorders such as nausea and arthritis pain.


    Ginger is delicious fresh, dried or pickled.