A picture of a Dill

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Also known as

Anet, Dill-Oil Plant, East Indian Dill, Meeting-Seed, Sabbath Day Posy, Dill-Weed, Garden Dill, Common Dill

Dill (Anethum graveolens) by Burkhard Mücke (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

9a

USDA zone

-7°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.5m

Max

60cm

30cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Dill

A close up of a flowering Anethum graveolens plant
A photo of Dill
A photo of Dill
A photo of Dill
A photo of Dill

Dill Overview

Anethum graveolens is better known as Dill. It is a tall, aromatic, annual herb plant from the Apiaceae family. Commonly grown for the culinary attributes of its leaves and seeds and used to flavour various foods and dishes. Dill produces fine blue-green leaves and produces airy umbrellas of yellow flowers in summer. It's also grown as ornamental, as its distinctive foliage texture, flower colour and form make this plant a nice companion in a mixed border. Dill is not only used in the culinary and ornamental applications but also has various traditional medicinal uses. This beautiful and useful herb is a must-have for most temperate gardens and is an easy herb for beginner gardeners to grow.

Common problems with Dill

Dill Companion Plants

How to harvest Dill

The leaves ready to pick within 8-10 weeks of sowing. Cut back leaves often to prevent the plant from flowering and going to seed. The optimum time for harvesting is in the early morning. Dill weed is best harvested before the plant is fully mature and before the flower​ buds have opened. Dill seed is harvested at the end of the plant’s life cycle.

How to propagate Dill

Seed

Sow seed in Spring and Summer. Sow 6-8 mm deep; Germination time about 7-14 days.

Special features of Dill

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects lacewings and hoverflies

Repels harmful insects

Some compounds of dill (d-carvone is mentioned as one of them), when added to insecticides, have greatly increased the effectiveness of the insecticides.

Pot plant

Suitable for planting in large containers (deep roots of dill need deep containers), given loose rich soil and enough sunlight.

Indoor plant

Can be grown inside, given enough sunlight.

Drought resistant

Relatively drought tolerant due to taproot system.

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Other uses of Dill

Fragrance, culinary, foliage, cut flowers, dried arrangements. The earliest record of use for this plant is from 3000 BC in Ancient Egypt where the plant was described as a 'soothing medicine'. The plant is commonly used for flavouring pickled foods and the leaves are used in fish and vegetable dishes. Dill also attracts lots of beneficial insects to the garden, including bees, wasps, lacewings and ladybirds.

Medicinal

Used in many traditional medicines, including those against jaundice, headache, boils, lack of appetite, stomach problems, nausea and liver problems.

Edible

Fresh & dried dill leaves (sometimes called "dill weed" to distinguish it from dill seed) are widely used as herbs in Europe & central Asia. The plant are used to flavor many foods & dishes.

Edibles to Sow Outdoors in May

If the soil is warm enough, sow direct into prepared beds.

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Edibles to Sow Under Cover in December

Grow these on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator for winter picking.

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