A picture of a Caucasian Fir

Caucasian Fir

Abies nordmanniana

Also known as

Nordmann Fir, Nordmann Christmastree

Abies nordmanniana 7 by Franz Xaver (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

30m

Max

8m

12m

Min

4m

25 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Caucasian Fir

A photo of Caucasian Fir
Abies holophylla PAN 2
Abies nordmanniana young tree
Abies nordmanniana 2
Abies holophylla PAN 2

Caucasian Fir Overview

Abies nordmanniana is an evergreen conifer from the Pinaceae family. It forms a narrow, conical or columnar crown, with dense, glossy dark green foliage on downward sweeping branches. Seed cones are green or reddish with protruding bracts, developing to a brown colour with age. This Fir is often planted to replace the disease-prone Silver Fir.

Common problems with Caucasian Fir

How to harvest Caucasian Fir

Young trees are cut for Christmas trees.

How to propagate Caucasian Fir

Seed

Cuttings

Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Special features of Caucasian Fir

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Caucasian Fir

A low maintenance tree grown as ornamental trees in parks and gardens, it's soft needles which do not drop readily make it a popular choice as a christmas tree.