A picture of a Balsam Fir

Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea

Also known as

Balm Of Gilead Fir, Canada Balsam, Canadian Fir, Eastern Fir

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

15m

Max

4m

7m

Min

3m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea 0165
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A photo of Balsam Fir

Balsam Fir Overview

Rich green pine needle foliage that has a fragrant smell. Often used as Christmas trees.

Common problems with Balsam Fir

How to propagate Balsam Fir

Seed

Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true).

Cuttings

Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Other uses of Balsam Fir

Grown for wood pulp as well as for its resin which is still used medicinally, for incenses, glues and candles. Also grown as Christmas trees and as specimen trees as well as wind breaks.

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