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A picture of a American Beech

American Beech

Fagus grandifolia

Also known as

North American Beech

Fagus grandifolia JPG1Ms by Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (CC BY 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









    • spring
    • summer
    • autumn
    • winter

    More images of American Beech

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    American Beech Overview

    Fagus grandifolia is a large deciduous tree species from the Fagaceae family. Commonly known by the names American Beech and North American Beech, after this plants origin in North America. It can reach 35m in height and is considered a slow-growing species, the bark is silver-grey in colour. It has attractive textured foliage which can be mistaken for Hornbeam, Carpinus betulus. The oval leaves are coloured dark green and later brown in autumn. They open from long, thin, layered buds with two rows of overlapping scales, on slim stems. The leaves measure between 6-12cm in length and have toothed edges. Flowers are small and coloured green, leading onto soft-spined seed cases containing beech nuts. It grows well in the shade, originating from forest habitats, it forms a dense, shallow root system. Grow in rich, well-draining soil and provide plenty of water. Does not tolerate dense, compacted soil, salt or urban pollution.

    Common problems with American Beech

    How to propagate American Beech


    Propagate from seed as soon as it autumns; cultivators must be grafted.


    Other uses of American Beech