Also known as
American Red Gum, American Sweet Gum, Bilsted, Copalm Balsam, Red Gum, Satin Walnut, American-Storax, Alligator-Wood, Red-Gum, Sweet-Gum
Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) in Mellon Park, Pittsburgh 01 by Cbaile19 (CC0)
This plant has a mild fragrance
More images of Sweet Gum
Sweet Gum Overview
A popular deciduous tree grown for their maple-like leaves with a serrated-margin, brilliant and long-lasting autumn colour. Their flowers and fruits are inconspicuous. It is often planted as an attractive border or hedge or to form beautiful avenues. It is a feature plant during autumn in any large garden providing shade in warm summers and allowing sun through bare branches in winter. After an injury to the stem, a red gum-like fluid appears that lead to the common name liquid amber.
Common problems with Sweet Gum
How to harvest Sweet Gum
Harvest fruit in Autumn for seeds.
How to propagate Sweet Gum
Small 2 seeds within each capsule, from a spiked ball. Harvest the fruit in Autumn after they turned from green to dark brown. Allow fruit to dry (5 - 7 days) before planting.
Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings. Keep moist while rooting.
Special features of Sweet Gum
Orange, red or purple leaves cover the tree before it drops.
Planted in rows acting as a wind breaker.
Maple-like palmate leaves.
Other uses of Sweet Gum
Moisture Loving Plants - Top 20
Damp, wet locations are perfect for these perennial plants.