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A picture of a European Black Nightshade

European Black Nightshade

Solanum nigrum

Also known as

Black Nightshade, Common Nightshade, Poisonberry, Blackberry Nightshade, Garden Nightshade

Solanum nigrum flower by Harald Hubich (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

10a

USDA zone

-1°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

50cm

50cm

Min

10cm

1 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Pick berries when they are black and fully ripe.

More images of European Black Nightshade

A close up of a green Solanum nigrum plant with white flowers
A close up of some white Solanum nigrum flowers
A photo of European Black Nightshade
A photo of European Black Nightshade
A photo of European Black Nightshade

European Black Nightshade Overview

Considered a weed in 61 countries, Solanum nigrum is a quick growing herbaceous plant. It is one of the medicines mentioned by the historical figure Pliny the Elder and it originates in Ancient England. Carl Linnaeus described 6 species, some of which are deadly. The leaves and unripe green fruit are poisonous, while the ripe black berries are edible. The strains that produce white flowers are usually used, while the purple flowering strains are deadly!

Common problems with European Black Nightshade

Red spider mites can shorten the lifespan.

How to propagate European Black Nightshade

Seed

Selfseed - sow seeds directly where needed. It will easily grow in 14 days.

Cuttings

Special features of European Black Nightshade

Attracts birds

Drought resistant

Pot plant

Attractive flowers

Other uses of European Black Nightshade

Grown for their flowers and ornamental fruits. Flowers most seasons. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Medicinal

Long list of medicinal uses, was considered a 'dangerous' medicine in old times!

Edible

The ripe berries are eaten raw or cooked into a delicious jam. The leaves are cooked in some countries as a green vegetable, but contain solanine that needs to be cooked out!

Poisonous to Pets

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