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A picture of a African Milk Tree

African Milk Tree

Euphorbia trigona

Also known as

Cathedral Cactus

Euphorbia trigona MP-3 by SalopianJames (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Tender

11b

USDA zone

7°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2.5m

Max

1m

1m

Min

50cm

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of African Milk Tree

A green succulent species called Euphorbia trigona
An green Euphorbia trigona plant in a garden
An green Euphorbia trigona plant in a pot on a white background
A green Euphorbia trigona plant in the wild
A close up of a green Euphorbia trigona plant

African Milk Tree Overview

Euphorbia trigona is also known commonly as African Milk Tree, which refers to the milky sap that is released when the plant is cut. This sap is caustic and poisonous. It contains latex, which is a skin and eye irritant and can also cause stomach upset if consumed. This succulent perennial species originates from Central Africa. It is not however a cactus! It has small, short-lived leaves that develop along the stem ridges alongside thorns. Thorns grow in pairs and the single, individual leaves form between them. Flowers are small, discrete, cup-shaped and yellow-white in colour, and do not typically appear on potted specimens.

Common problems with African Milk Tree

How to propagate African Milk Tree

Cuttings

Division

Seed

Seeds in the autumn.

Special features of African Milk Tree

Attractive leaves

Other uses of African Milk Tree

Grown for its flowers which are great in borders. Suitable for coastal conditions.