A picture of a Serviceberries

Serviceberries

Amelanchier spp.

Partial Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a-9a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

20m

Max

10m

20cm

Min

20cm

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Serviceberries

A photo of Serviceberries
A photo of Serviceberries
A branch of an Amelanchier tree covered with bronze red leaves and showy white flowers
A photo of Serviceberries
A photo of Serviceberries

Serviceberries Overview

The Amelanchier genus has over 20 species of deciduous trees and shrubs which are popular in horticulture for its abundant white or pink spring flowers. It also produces attractive foliage that changes colour throughout the year, giving displays of bright colour. Known as Serviceberry or Juneberry trees, these hardy plants will thrive in a variety of locations, making them a useful addition to exposed or difficult situations such as damp positions or partial shade sites. They can be trained into a range of shapes to provide architectural interest and specimen plants, creating a focal point. Amelanchier's are native to the northern hemisphere and grow in the temperate areas where they do not have to compete with other species. They range in height from 20 cm to 20 m and with such attractive features, these species have been cross-bred to develop lots of beautiful cultivars.

Common problems with Serviceberries

Generally pest and disease free young trees can be attacked by rabbits.

How to harvest Serviceberries

Ripe berries from some species can be harvested and used as if they were blueberries. They are considered to have a milder taste then blueberries. The root of some Amelanchier species have traditionally been used to make a herbal tea in treatment for a range of ailments.

How to propagate Serviceberries

Cuttings

Take soft wood cuttings in early summer.

Grafting

Seed

Sow ripe seeds in late summer and place in a cold frame over winter, ready to be planted out in spring.

Layering

Low growing branches can be bent down and layered during the autumn.

Division

Propagate in autumn by seed, in late autumn to early spring by layering or in the case of suckering species, by division.

Suckers

Special features of Serviceberries

Attractive flowers

The flowers are 1-2cm, 5-petalled and white or pink in colour and shaped like stars.

Attractive fruits

They develop into edible, pear-shaped purple to maroon fruits which ripen in the summer and provide sustenance to birds.

Autumn colour

Other uses of Serviceberries

Grown for their profuse flowers and their foliage.