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A picture of a Pencil Plant

Pencil Plant

Euphorbia tirucalli

Also known as

Rubber-Hedge Euphorbia, African Milkbush, Indian Tree Spurge, Fingertree, Milkbush, Milkhedge, Naked-Lady, Penciltree, Petroleum-Plant

Euphorbia tirucalli 'Sticks on Fire' Closeup 3264px by Ram-Man (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care


USDA zone


Minimum temperature


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Pencil Plant

Euphorbia tirucalli 003
Euphorbia tirucalli
Euphorbia tirucalli 0002
Pencil Tree (Euphorbia tirucalli)

Pencil Plant Overview

Euphorbia tirucalli has unmistakable, brush-like branch masses that are a noticeable feature of the plant. It occurs over the widest distribution of all local euphorbias and is also a very variable plant, ranging from many-branched shrubs to large trees, depending on the particular habitat. It is commonly called Pencil plant after its thin stick-like appearance. Euphorbia tirucalli is a succulent with a strong branching habit, producing cylindrical stems coloured green to grey-green in aged specimens. Leaves are slim and small, almost unnoticeable and they drop to leave minute leaf scars on the stem surface. Flowers are small and discrete, coloured yellow and arranged in clusters at the tips of branches or between branches. These blooms lead onto capsule fruits measuring approximately 1.2cm across, coloured pale green, sometimes with a pink tinge.

Special features of Pencil Plant

Drought resistant

Pot plant

Wind break

Hedge plant

Attracts bees

Other uses of Pencil Plant

Other uses