Common Staghorn Fern
Also known as
Common Stag's Horn Fern, Australian Elk's Horn Fern, Elkhorn Fern, Antelope Ears
Platycerium bifurcatum in Botanical garden, Minsk by Хомелка (CC BY-SA 3.0)
20 years to reach maturity
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Common Staghorn Fern Overview
Platycerium bifurcatum is an epiphytic fern with evergreen fronds that are either heart-shaped (if sterile) or branched (if fertile) and resemble a stag's horns. This species is known as a Common Staghorn Fern or Elkhorn Fern after these fronds. The plant has mostly fertile fronds, which are grey-green and arching, whilst the sterile fronds will turn brown as they age. Oddly shaped, these ferns grow on trees and rocks and are commonly cultivated in tropical gardens or as houseplants, where they are grown for their elegant foliage. They do not produce flowers, but reproduce via spores that are formed on the underside of the antler-like leaves.
Common problems with Common Staghorn Fern
Prone to the fungal disease black spot, do not water over the foliage and minimize humidity indoors to prevent the disfiguring spores.
How to harvest Common Staghorn Fern
Generally not harvested.
How to propagate Common Staghorn Fern
You can propagate by detaching buds in the spring or summer and planting in compost.
Special features of Common Staghorn Fern
Other uses of Common Staghorn Fern