A picture of a Paeonia


Paeonia spp.

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








10 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Paeonia

A photo of Paeonia
A photo of Paeonia
A photo of Paeonia
A photo of Paeonia
A photo of Paeonia

Paeonia Overview

Paeonia is a genus of around 36 herbaceous perennial plants or deciduous subshrubs. They reside in the Paeoniaceae family and are native to Asia, Europe and Western North America. They have large, compound, deeply divided leaves and large, showy, often fragrant flowers. These plants have been extensively cultivated in China and in Europe since the 15th Century. There is a wide variety of cultivars and hybrids with diverse growth habits, flower colours and forms available. Some have won the Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit and are included in the “Plants for Pollinators” initiative.

Common problems with Paeonia

Paeonia Companion Plants

How to propagate Paeonia


Divide in autumn or early in spring.


Many species can be propagated by seed.


Propagate by seed in autumn (may take up to 3 years to germinate), tuberous species by root cuttings in winter, tree peonies by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer.



Grafting in winter.

Special features of Paeonia

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Other uses of Paeonia

Grown for their bold foliage, showy blooms and in some species colourful seed pods. Flower arranging. As Alice Morse Earle the American author and historian (1851-1911) memorably wrote: "The Peony always looks like a well-dressed, well-shod, well-gloved girl of birth, breeding, and of equal good taste and good health; a girl who can swim and hike and play golf ..."

Looking Good in April - Top 10

Traditionally flowering in April, these flowers will be at their best this month.

Explore all

Deer Resistant Plants

Although never fully deer proof - they are less likely to eat these.

Explore all