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A picture of a Yaupon Holly

Yaupon Holly

Ilex vomitoria

Also known as

Yaupon, Cassina

Ilex vomitoria by Luteus (CC BY 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

6m

Max

3m

2m

Min

1m

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Yaupon Holly

A bunch of red Ilex vomitoria fruits on a plant
A group of Ilex vomitoria bushes in a garden

Yaupon Holly Overview

Ilex vomitoria is an evergreen shrub species from the Aquifoliaceae family. Commonly known as Yaupon Holly, this plant is grown ornamentally for the attractive foliage and fruits. This species is dioecious and thus produces male and female flowers on individual plants. Flowers are white-green in colour and lead onto attractive red fruits on female plants. Leaves are oval to oblong in shape, smooth and waxy, coloured dark green, with toothed edges, growing up to 4cm in length. This is a hardy species which can grow to about 9m in height. It will produce evergreen foliage and small berries. The leaves are about 2cms long and dark green. The small berries are red and produced in large quantities. Grow in well-drained soil and protect from strong winds. Will tolerate alkaline soils, sun or shade, but they will perform better in the sun and need ample water.

Common problems with Yaupon Holly

How to propagate Yaupon Holly

Seed

Cuttings

Special features of Yaupon Holly

Hedge plant

Attractive leaves

Attractive fruits

Attracts birds

Other uses of Yaupon Holly

Grown for their foliage and fruits (berries). This shrub is very attractive to birds. Suitable for coastal conditions.