Philodendron

Philodendron spp.

profile iconCataphylls on Philodendron 3471s
by JonRichfield (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 8
profile iconCataphylls on Philodendron 3471s
by JonRichfield (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 8
Philodendron is a large genus containing around 500 accepted species of evergreen shrubs, trees and climbers in the Araceae family. These plants are native to the tropical Americas and the West Indies, with many species also found in Australia, some Pacific islands, Africa and Asia - although this may reflect introductions or accidental escapes from cultivation. They have glossy, leathery, simple to pinnately-divided leaves and arum-like inflorescences containing tiny flowers. They are popularly grown as houseplants for their handsome foliage and impressive architectural form. A wide range of exciting variegated cultivars are rapidly gaining popularity. When growing Philodendron, it's advised to support climbing stems using a moss pole, and mist twice daily in the summer. Toxic to both humans and pets. Can also be a skin irritant.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Propagation

Special features

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

Central and South America, Mexico, West Indies

Natural climate

Tropical

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Araceae

Flower colour

Cream, White, Green

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