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A picture of a Fraser Fir

Fraser Fir

Abies fraseri

Also known as

Fraser's Balsam Fir, southern balsam fir, Christmas Tree

Abies fraseri Blue Ridge in NC by Gene (CC BY 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size







25 years to reach maturity

More images of Fraser Fir

Some green Abies fraseri in the wild
A large Abies fraseri tree in a forest
A close up of a green Abies fraseri plant
A hand holding a stem of a Abies fraseri plant
A Abies fraseri tree with green leaves and whiteish cones

Fraser Fir Overview

Abies fraseri is a mid-sized evergreen tree species in the Pinaceae family. Native to the eastern United States, this species is listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as endangered. It forms a narrowly conical crown, producing short, flat, needle-like leaves between 1-2cm in length. The leaves are coloured dark green on the upper surface and the lower surface has two distinctive white bands running down the length. They are borne abundantly on stiff, resinous stems. Cones measure 3-7cm in length, they are coloured dark purple as they develop, turning brown with maturity and they are surrounded by downward-pointing, showy modified leaf structures, termed bracts.

Common problems with Fraser Fir

How to propagate Fraser Fir



Special features of Fraser Fir

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Fraser Fir

This low maintenance plant is often planted in parks and gardens. The leaves are reduced to attractive needle-like structures, making it a popular choice for a Christmas tree.