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A picture of a Cow Wheat

Cow Wheat

Melampyrum spp.

Melampyrum arvense brasles 02 19052002 6 by Olivier Pichard (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Cow Wheat

Some yellow Melampyrum flowers
A close up of some white and yellow Melampyrum flowers with some green leaves
Some pink purple Melampyrum flowers growing in the wild
A load of yellow and purple Melampyrum flowers

Cow Wheat Overview

Melampyrum is a genus containing around 38 species in the Orobanchaceae family. These plants are commonly known as Cow Wheat and they originate from the temperate Northern Hemisphere. These plants are termed hemiparasites as they can grow on their own, photosynthesising as normal plants do, or they can glean nutrition and water from other species, termed host plants.

Special features of Cow Wheat

Attractive flowers

Attracts butterflies

Other uses of Cow Wheat