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A picture of a Mistletoe

Mistletoe

Viscum album

Also known as

European Mistletoe, Common Mistletoe, All-Heal, Druid's Weed, Kiss-And-Go, Thunder Besom

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.1m

Max

1.1m

30cm

Min

30cm

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Mistletoe

A photo of Mistletoe
200802241125a (Hartmann Linge) Weschnitztal Mispeln
Viscum album fruit
Viscum-album-berries
A photo of Mistletoe

Mistletoe Overview

Evergreen, woody shrub species that is an obligate hemiparasite, also known by the widely recognised name mistletoe. These are plants that rely on other living plants to survive, gleaning nutrition parasitically. They cannot complete their life cycle without a host plant, these are most commonly apple, poplar and lime trees. Host plants are hindered by the presence of parasitic mistletoe on their branches and affected branches will grow slower as the hosts resources are being diluted and syphoned off to the parasitic plant. Thus in large specimens mistletoe is not usually detrimental, however in younger specimens, many parasitic growths can be harmful. They can reduce fruit crops, cause water stress in summer and increase wind chill in winter, possibly leading to host death. Foliage is arranged in opposite pairs or whorls and branches into multiples of 2. These leaves are leathery and strap-shaped. Flowers are non-showy, green-yellow and small, measuring around 1-3mm. Leading onto ornamental white, yellow, orange or red berries with sticky seeds. These are dispersed when birds consume the fruit, which is toxic to humans. Birds tend to get these seeds stuck to their beaks, which they wipe on tree branches to remove. Alternatively, they will consume the berries and regurgitate or defecate the seeds on host tree branches.

How to harvest Mistletoe

Collected in Winter, it can be stored for 2 to 3 weeks in cool conditions.

How to propagate Mistletoe

Seed

Place seed under flaps of bark.

Special features of Mistletoe

Attracts bees

Attractive fruits

Other uses of Mistletoe

Wildflower/meadow

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