Also known as
Wild Pansy, Bird's Eye, Black Eye, Cat's Faces, Come-And-Cuddle-Me, Constancy, Cuddle-Me-To-You, Cull-Me-To-You, Cupid's Flower, Fancy, Flamy, Flower Of Thought, Garden Gate, Herb Trinity, Jack-Jump-Up-And-Kiss-Me, Johnny-Jump-Up, Kiss-And-Look-Up, Kiss-Her-In-The-Buttery, Kiss-Me, Kiss-Me-At-The-Garden-Gate, Kiss-Me-Ere-I-Rise, Kiss-Me-Love, Kit-Run-About, Kitty-Come, Kitty-Run, Lady's Delight, Little Faces, Live-In-Idleness, Loving Idol, Lowly Down, Meet-Her-In-The-Entry-Kiss-Her-In-The-Buttery, None-So-Pretty, Pansy, Pink Of My Joan, Pretty Face, Stepmother Plant, Thinking Flower, Three Faces Under A Hood, Tickle-My-Fancy, Tricolor Pansy, Wild Violet, European Wild Pansy, Field Pansy, Heart's-Ease, Miniature Pansy, Pansy Violet, Ladies'-Delight, Three-Coloured Violet
Viola tricolor by Tom.k (CC BY-SA 2.5)
2 years to reach maturity
More images of Heartsease
Viola tricolor is commonly known as Wild Pansy, Heartsease or Three-Coloured Violet, amongst many other common names, after the colourful flowers. Often found in the wild in Northern Europe, its native range extends across most of Europe, western Siberia and northwestern Iran. It has spread into both North and South America and may be found in areas of Aisa and Africa too. This attractive short-lived evergreen perennial plant is part of the Violaceae family and is it widely grown as a summer bedding garden plant. Often as an annual or biennial plant as it tends to lose flowering vigour as it ages. It has a spreading habit and may be used as groundcover or bedding. Viola tricolor produces lance-shaped foliage and colourful white, purple and yellow flowers measuring around 2.5cm across. Grow in full sun and moist, well-draining soil. Wild Pansy flowers over a long period, from spring to autumn and can self-seed easily. Deadhead regularly to encourage repeat flowering. This charming wildflower produces flowers of variable pattern and colouring, usually some shade of yellow, white and blue to purple. Many cultivars have been developed from this species. Sow in autumn or late winter-early spring. Cold treatment may aid germination, plant in autumn for flowers next year. Water regularly, particularly during warm weather.
Common problems with Heartsease
How to propagate Heartsease
Popagate by seed; the annuals sown according to flowering season. Species may also be propagated by seed in spring or autumn.
Special features of Heartsease
Other uses of Heartsease
Border, edging, rock garden, greenhouse, wildflower/meadow. Suitable for coastal conditions.