Blackberry

Rubus fruticosus

Bramble, Brombeere, Blackberry 'Loch Tay', Blackberry, Bramble, Shrubby Blackberry, Wild Blackberry Complex

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The blackberry is a common deciduous shrub with has large thorns, a scrambling habit and dark edible fruits. They are often regarded as a weed in many public areas due to their invasive nature. The fruits are black and sweet and are often used in jams and pies. There are several cultivars of this plant that are designed to be less invasive as well as not bearing thorns and holding more fruits.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Fruits ripen in autumn. Pick fruits regularly keeping the central plug within the fruit.

Propagation

Seed

Stratify seeds in the first year. Sow seeds shallowly. Keep seeds moist and plant out in Spring.

Layering

Tip layer in late summer to early autumn. The young shoots are bent over to the ground and covered with soil and left throughout autumn and winter. In spring, cut the new plant away and replant.

Cuttings

Root or leafy stem cuttings can propagate effectively. Plant 10-15 cm stems in moist sand. Once rooted, plant out. Take 7-15 cm root cuttings in autumn and cold store. Plant out in Spring in same soil mix 5-7 cm apart.

Suckers

Suckers can be removed from the parent plant and replanted.

Special features

Attracts butterflies

Attractive flowers

They have white 5 petal flowers that are typical of the Rosaceae family.

Attractive fruits

Approximately 2.5cm long and look like small bunches of grapes.

Special features

Origin

Europe, Eurasia

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Edible

The fruits can be eaten raw or made into jams and desserts.

Personality

Family

Rosaceae

Flower colour

Pink, White

Scent

None

Companion plants

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