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A picture of a Avocado

Avocado

Persea americana

Also known as

Avocado Pear, Alligator Pear, Aguacate, West Indian Avocado, Midshipman's Butter, Palta, Vegetable Marrow

Persea americana 0004 by Atamari (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

11b

USDA zone

7°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

20m

Max

4m

2.5m

Min

2.5m

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

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A photo of Avocado
A photo of Avocado
A photo of Avocado
A photo of Avocado

Avocado Overview

Persea americana is a bushy, evergreen tree species in the laurel family. It produces attractive rounded, glossy, lance-shaped foliage and is typically grown for the edible, spherical to pear-shaped fruits, termed Avocados or Avocado Pears which contain a single big seed in the centre. Flowers are non-showy, coloured green-yellow and measure approximately 0.5-1cm across. This plant is grown commercially in tropical and Mediterranean climates around the world and it's unlikely to flower or fruit in temperate climes. Capable of growing over 20m in height, leaves are alternately arranged on stems, measuring between 12-25cm in length.

Common problems with Avocado

How to propagate Avocado

Seed

Grafting

Cuttings

Self fertile although cutting -grown or grafted plants are superior to seedlings.

Special features of Avocado

Attractive leaves

Attractive fruits

Other uses of Avocado

Conservatory