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A picture of a Forcing Types of Chicory

Forcing Types of Chicory

Cichorium intybus 'Chicons'

Witlof en wortel by Rasbak (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

10a

USDA zone

-1°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

65cm

30cm

Min

30cm

9 months to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Forcing Types of Chicory

A close up of the yellow white head of Chicory leaves on a black table surface
Looking down into the green loose leaved head of a chicory plant growing in the ground.
Looking down into the green loose leaved head of a chicory plant growing in the ground.

Forcing Types of Chicory Overview

Cichorium intybus can be group together into three distinctive types of Chicory - Forcing, Radicchio & Sugar Loaf. Forcing types have been bred for their plump leafy heads that are perfect for forcing production of 'chicons' when blanched. Sow in May and June, thinning seedlings to 15cm apart and provide plenty of water during dry periods. Force the heads by lifting the roots in November, and storing in trays of cool sand until needed. Plant the roots in a pot of moist compost with the crown exposed. Cover to exclude light and keep the container between 10 to 15C (50 - 60F). The chicons are normally ready to be harvested 4 weeks later. Chicory is very similar to Endive and is grown in the same way, and to confuse matters, it is commonly known as Endive by the French. The most commonly known forcing type is 'Wifloof' sometimes spelt 'Witlof'

Common problems with Forcing Types of Chicory

How to harvest Forcing Types of Chicory

Forced 'chicons' are ready to be harvested when they are roughly 15cm in height.

How to propagate Forcing Types of Chicory

Seed

You can propagate by seeds in the autumn or spring.

Special features of Forcing Types of Chicory

Attractive flowers

Crop rotation

Pot plant

Other uses of Forcing Types of Chicory

Culinary

Edibles to Plant Out in June

Young plants started off indoors can now be planted out.

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Edible to Sow Under Cover in May

Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.

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