Apis mellifera, more widely known as the Western Honey Bee, feed solely on nectar and pollen. It's proposed they were domesticated by humans for honey production around 10,000 years ago.
Today, the species is found worldwide. A. mellifera now holds approximately 20 subspecies across the globe!
Honeybees are incredibly social; living in colonies made up of several thousand individuals. There are three types of Honey Bee in a typical hive, including the queen, worker bees, and male drones.
When the hive becomes too overcrowded, the old queen will leave the nest to begin a new colony. A new queen remains in the original location to take over the previous queens hive. This is what's known as swarming behaviour.
A single honeybee will sometimes fly as far as five miles in a day, reaching speeds of 20mph.