Asian Citrus Psyllid

Diaphorina citri

Asian Citrus Psyllid , Asian Citrus Sucker , Citrus Psylla , Oriental Citrus Psyllid

1 of 4
A close up of a Diaphorina citri Asian citrus psyllid on a citrus plant
1 of 4
The Asian Citrus Psyllid is a tiny insect that amounts to only half a centimetre long. Although small, these insects are extremely dangerous pests that can have devastating impacts on citrus plants. They're a sap-sucking true bug which feeds from the phloem of plants; these are the cells responsible for transporting sugars to different areas of the plant. They do this using their mouthparts which resembles a fine feeding tube. This needle-like structure makes them perfect vectors to pass pathogens on to other plants. More specifically, these insects are carriers of Huanglongbing (citrus greening disease), and this is a fast killer of citrus plants.

Traits

These insects carry a nasty disease that's a killer of citrus plants.

Appearance

Adults are 3-4mm. They're mottled yellowish-brown. The head is light brown. The stomachs are more of a green-brown colour. The females can sometimes appear brighter yellow; this means they're almost ready to begin egg-laying. Nymphs are often confused with aphids. They're yellow to dark brown and have distinctive red eyes. They're only about 0.25mm.

Symptoms

Young flowers may drop and fall prematurely. Fruits begin to fall prematurely. Fruits begin to taste bitter. Honeydew, a digestion byproduct, may be evident over the leaves of citrus. These psyllids inject a toxin into plants when feeding. This can distort leaves and shoots, sometimes causing leaf-curl. Plant die backs may be evident. Plants don't usually survive.

Activity

Diurnal

Personality

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Metamorphosis

Incomplete

Distribution

Asia and the USA

Attracts

Citrus plants are particularly vulnerable.

Be the first to download the app

Help us build a place where community meets knowledge. Try it out and let us know what you think.
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play