50 years to reach maturity
Unripe fruit can be harvested to obtain a green dye, while ripe fruit produce a blue or grey colour. The leaves and bark can be collected and used to produce a yellow dye. Alder Buckthorn is also used in the production of charcoal for the manufacture of gunpowder as it has an very even burn rate.
More images of Alder Buckthorn
Alder Buckthorn Overview
This 6m shrub is not a relation of Alder but grows in the same places and has a similar appearance which is thought to be the origin of it's common name. In May & June it produces clusters of small star shaped flowers. It's glossy rounded leaves turn a yellow or red in autumn showing off the dark berries.
Common problems with Alder Buckthorn
Generally pest and disease free
How to propagate Alder Buckthorn
Take hardwood cuttings in late summer or early autumn.
Special features of Alder Buckthorn
The flowers develop into small berries which ripen in late summer from green through red to darp purple or black in autumn.
Petals are roughly 3–5 mm in diameter, and almost triangular in shape.
Other uses of Alder Buckthorn
This low maintenance plant is suitable for including in mixed hedges and wildlife friendly gardens. It
Deciduous (leaf dropping) trees often have amazing fall colour.Explore all