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A picture of a Black Poplar

Black Poplar

Populus nigra

Also known as

Lombardy Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Poplar

Populus-nigra-04-fws by Francisco Welter-Schultes (CC0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Black Poplar

A close up of some green leaves on a Populus nigra tree
A close up of a Populus nigra seed on a tree
A large Populus nigra tree
A photo of Black Poplar

Black Poplar Overview

Populus nigra is commonly known by the names Black Poplar and Lombardy Poplar. It is a deciduous tree species from the Salicaceae family. It originates from Eurasia and has been introduced to many areas. Grows with a bushy habit, producing heart to triangle-shaped leaves with serrated margins. Young leaves may be lightly hairy. Rough bark is dark brown-black in colour, the stems brown, lumpy and textured. Black Poplar are not the commonest of trees, but some have been bred for garden use. Dioecious plants produce male and female flowers on individual plants. They are wind-pollinated, coloured red on male plants and yellow-green on female plants. After flowering, female plants may produce fluffy seedheads.

Common problems with Black Poplar

How to propagate Black Poplar


You can propagate by hardwood cuttings in the winter.

Other uses of Black Poplar

Shade, foliage, ornamental, specimen, hedging